The UK has chosen to implement a system that requires EU citizens to apply for a new residency status, known as “established” or “pre-established” status. It is still unclear whether each of the 27 EU members will use its discretion under the Withdrawal Agreement to force UK residents to apply for new residency status. The agreement covers issues such as money, civil rights, border regulation and dispute settlement. It also includes a transition period and an overview of the future relationship between the UK and the EU. It was published on 14 November 2018 and was the result of the Brexit negotiations. The agreement was approved by the heads of state and government of the remaining 27 EU countries and the British government of Prime Minister Theresa May, but met with resistance in the British Parliament, whose approval was required for ratification. The consent of the European Parliament would also have been required. On 15 January 2019, the House of Commons rejected the Withdrawal Agreement by 432 votes to 202.  The House of Commons again rejected the agreement on March 12, 2019 by 391 votes to 242 and rejected it a third time on March 29, 2019 by 344 votes to 286. On 22 October 2019, the revised withdrawal agreement negotiated by Boris Johnson`s government completed the first phase in Parliament, but Johnson interrupted the legislative process when the accelerated approval programme failed to find the necessary support, announcing his intention to call a general election.  On the 23rd. In January 2020, Parliament ratified the agreement by adopting the Withdrawal Agreement Act; On 29 January 2020, the European Parliament approved the Withdrawal Agreement.
It was then closed by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020. Article 151.Uk participation in the EIB Group after the withdrawal date Following an unprecedented vote on 4 December 2018, MEPs decided that the UK government was ignoring Parliament for refusing to provide Parliament with the full legal opinion it had been given on the impact of the proposed withdrawal conditions.  The main point of the discussion concerned the legal effect of the “backstop” agreement for Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland and the rest of the UNITED Kingdom with regard to the customs border between the EU and the United Kingdom and its impact on the Good Friday Agreement, which had led to an end to the unrest in Northern Ireland. and, in particular, whether the UK would be safe to leave the EU in a practical sense in accordance with the draft proposals. With regard to the Irish border issue, there is a protocol on Northern Ireland (the “backstop”) which is annexed to the agreement and sets out a fallback position that will only enter into force if no other effective arrangement is demonstrated before the end of the transition period. In this case, the UK will eclipse the EU`s common external tariff and Northern Ireland will remain in some aspects of the single market until such a demonstration is achieved. None of the parties can unilaterally withdraw from this customs union. The aim of this backstop agreement is to avoid a “hard” border in Ireland where customs controls are necessary.  Free movement will continue until the end of the transition period (or transposition period) and EU and UK citizens will be able to travel to the UK or Member States, as currently permitted by EU law.
EU citizens living in their host country before the end of the transition have a right of permanent residence under the Withdrawal Agreement under certain conditions. The UK and eu27 have a margin of appreciation under the agreement to oblige EU or UK citizens to apply for a new residence status. The Gibraltar Protocol shall apply until the end of the transitional period, with the exception of the provisions relating to citizens` rights, which shall continue thereafter. The Protocol includes the preparation of the application of the “Citizens` Rights” part of the Withdrawal Agreement and allows the application of EU law at Gibraltar airport if the United Kingdom and Spain reach an agreement on this matter; establishes cooperation between Spain and the United Kingdom in tax, environmental protection and fisheries matters, as well as in police and customs matters. The Memoranda of Understanding between the United Kingdom and Spain facilitate cooperation at operational level between the competent authorities of Gibraltar and Spain, in particular through the establishment of joint committees in the fields of citizens` rights, the environment, police and customs, and tobacco. If the Withdrawal Agreement is approved, an EU Bill (Withdrawal Agreement) will be introduced to transpose the Withdrawal Agreement into UK law. Following the library`s backgrounder, The User`s Guide to the Meaningful Vote, this document provides an updated overview of the national constitutional requirements for the ratification of the Withdrawal Agreement. This briefing note deals in detail with the Withdrawal Agreement negotiated between the EU and the UK and concluded on 14 November 2018. It was endorsed by eu member states and the EU government at a special European Council summit on 25 November, and the British Prime Minister promoted it in the UK Parliament and across the country.
The agreement has been discussed in detail several times in Parliament and voted on three times. But the House of Commons did not approve it. A second extension of Article 50 increased the day of withdrawal to 31. October 2019, but once again, the UK faces the possibility of leaving the EU without a deal if that deal or any other deal is not ratified by the UK and the EU. Part Six sets out the institutional arrangements underlying the agreement and how VA disputes are to be resolved. .