Sentence structure also affects your text and your reader`s ability to understand the information you present. What comes first in a sentence often seems more important than what follows it. Learn more about sentence structure. However, to make your delimited search interesting to others, you need to put it in a broader context. For this reason, the introduction of the text should begin with something much more general than your research questions. It is often said that the introduction must have the shape of a funnel (as is the case in the imrad model above). This means that you need to start in a broad and general way, and then gradually zoom in on your own more specific topic. The text should start with something that your reader can relate to and that shows your reader what area your research will contribute to and how it will do so. Following the principle of unity should help your sketch adhere to the principle of coherence, which states that there should be a logical and natural flow of ideas, with main points, sub-points and sub-sub-points connected. James A. Winans, Public Speaking (New York: Century, 1917), page 407 Shorter phrases and keywords may form the outline of speaking, but you should write complete sentences in your formal plan to ensure consistency. The principle of consistency can also be met by ensuring that you include at least two subdivisions when subdividing a main point or sub-point. After all, it goes against the logic that everything can be divided into one part.
So if you have an A, you have to have a B, and if you have a 1, you have to have a 2. If you can easily imagine a sub-element but have trouble identifying another, that sub-element may not be robust enough to stand on its own. Determining which ideas are coordinated with each other and which are subordinate to each other will help break down the supporting information in broad outline. James A. Winans, Public Speaking (New York: Century, 1917), page 407–8 coordinate pointsPoints that are at the same level of importance in relation to the thesis of speech or the central idea of a main point. are at the same level of importance in relation to the thesis of speech or the central idea of a main point. In the following example, the two main points (I, II) are aligned. The two sub-items (A, B) are also coordinated. Child pointsPoints that support or support a main idea or thesis. Provide evidence or support for a main idea or thesis. In the following example, sub-items A and B are subordinate to the main point II.
You can search for specific words to find errors in the distinction of coordinates and child points. Your points/sub-points are likely to be coordinated if you combine the two statements with one of the following methods: and, but, again, or, or even. In the example, the word also appears in B, which connects it to A as a point of coordinates. The points/sub-points are probably subordinate if you associate them with the following: since, because to explain this, or to illustrate this. In the example, 1 and 2 A are subordinate because they support this sentence. This can help your readers if you use illustrations such as tables and graphs when presenting your results. Images should be clearly linked to your text, but you should not repeat all the information provided in the graphic. Instead, consider the most important aspects or trends that are visible in the tables or charts. In other words, tell your reader what to watch.
Please note that tables and charts should be understandable without reading the body of the text, so it`s important that you include labels that indicate what they illustrate. One of the reasons Americans don`t love football as much as other sports is our shortened attention span, which was created by the ever-faster pace of our most revered sports like football and basketball. The following plan outlines formatting and content standards, and can serve as an example when you create your own plan. Check with your instructor if they have any specific language requirements that may differ from those listed here. Most academic texts in science adhere to the model called imrad, which is an acronym for introduction, methods and materials, results and discussion. Imrad is often illustrated by the following image (see explanation below). Your entire text and any paragraph that includes your text must conform to the conventions of paragraph structure in academic texts. Each paragraph should begin with a general statement or sentence that introduces the topic, and then the rest of the paragraph should be treated with more precision and detail. Each paragraph should also be unified: it should only address one thing or idea.
Each paragraph should also add something new that cannot be found elsewhere in the text. To get a clear structure in each paragraph, use subject phrases. Below is an overview of what should be included in each of the sections of the academic text, as well as tips on how to structure your text and make it more coherent. Think of your plan as a living document that grows and takes shape throughout your speaking process. When you first design your overall goal, specific goal, and thesis, you can create a new document on your computer and plug it in, essentially starting your plan. As you review your research and distill the information into distinct central ideas that support your specific goal and thesis, enter those statements into the document. Once you have selected your organizational model and are ready to incorporate supporting documents, you can cite and paraphrase your supporting documents in the document as well as the bibliographic information necessary for your oral citations. .